Fighting organized crime in China
As technology evolves around the world, new types of transnational organized crime are appearing in China, particularly in the form of new fraud trends such as pyramid scams, telecommunications fraud and cybercrime.
China’s other transnational crime challenges include drug trafficking and the security threat from international terrorism.
The international characteristics of these crime areas and their links with crime networks around the world make the role of the INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB) in China fundamental to maintaining national and regional security.
INTERPOL in China
The Chinese NCB plays a central role in preventing the country and surrounding region from serving international organized crime. By providing globally-sourced intelligence about regional crime trends, the NCB helps police officers across China detect and investigate the flow of illicit goods along trafficking routes in and around the country.
The Beijing NCB is part of the International Cooperation Department in China’s Ministry of Public Security (MPS). It provides national law enforcement agencies with a unique platform to work with police forces across the globe in preventing and investigating transnational crime.
The Chinese NCB takes part regularly in global INTERPOL-led police operations, supporting cooperative efforts to tackle terrorism, cybercrime, drug trafficking, intellectual property crime and environmental crime.
Law enforcement in China
The MPS is part of the State Council, China’s chief administrative body and principal police and security authority. National law enforcement services are provided by public security bureaus, the provincial and municipal public security counterparts which, under the leadership of local government, operate in the main towns, cities and counties of China.
MPS is made up of specialized investigation units, which focus on specific forms of organized crime, including economic crime, cyber security, terrorism, drugs and smuggling.
There are two million police officers in China. INTERPOL Beijing has two sub bureaus, each with delegated regional authority in the special administrative regions of Hong Kong (China) and Macao (China).