Timeframe: August 2021 to September 2024
Budget: EUR 987,139
Donor: European External Action Service (EEAS)
Illicit arms trafficking is both a cause and effect of armed conflict in the countries of the League of Arab States (LAS). While smuggling across unguarded land borders remains common, criminals often use maritime lanes to transport arms across the Arabian Sea.
Conflict zones are both a destination and a source for illicit arms. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Middle Eastern states imported 2.8 per cent more arms in 2017 to 2021 than they did in 2012 to 2016. This followed an 86 per cent increase in arms imports to the region between 2012 to 2016 compared to 2007 to 2011.
Combating the smuggling and trade of illicit small arms in the Arab region remains crucial to reducing all forms of violence and enhancing global security in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Now in its second phase, the EU-LAS Project, which is funded by the European Union and implemented jointly by INTERPOL, Small Arms Survey and the World Customs Organization (WCO), aims to strengthen the capacity of countries of the LAS to prevent and combat the illicit trade in, and proliferation of, small arms and light weapons.
Specifically, the project aims to:
- Enhance security in post-conflict situations;
- Strengthen LAS Member States’ national control over small arms and light weapons (SALW) at key stages of their life cycle;
- Enhance the exchange of best practices and lessons learned.
The project comprises the following areas:
- International SALW transfer control (combating illicit arms flows);
- Identification and disruption of illicit small arms trafficking and arms-related crime (capacity-building for law-enforcement agencies);
- Other small-arms control measures (stockpile management and security);
- Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) - (exchanging DDR expertise and best practices);
- Provision of information relevant to illicit SALW and enhanced SALW control (evaluation of the laws and regulations of LAS Member States).
INTERPOL will deliver a range of training activities for national law enforcement agencies leading firearms trafficking and related investigations. Such training will also help beneficiary countries build a sustainable strategy against the illicit proliferation of small arms and light weapons.
The national and regional training will include modules on:
- Methods and techniques specific to firearms trafficking investigations;
- INTERPOL tools, including INTERPOL Notices
- Firearms identification and the use of INTERPOL’s Firearms Reference Table
- INTERPOL Firearms Protocol and best practices of firearms investigations
- Developing records keeping of illicit firearms
- Querying and Tracing intelligence on recovered firearms through iARMS
- Responding to international trace requests
- Detection, trends, and emerging threats
- Crime Scene Management and Firearms recovery
Phase II of the project also comprises the following:
- Regional workshops (exchange best practices and lessons learned)
- Meetings (Discussing future cooperation on small-arms control);
- Field operations (provide support to national security forces in the fight against arms trafficking)
National Training on Small and Light Weapons
From 19 – 23 June 2022, as part of the EU-LAS project, INTERPOL, Small Arms Survey and World Customs Organization (WCO) delivered a National Training on Small and Light Weapons (SALW) at the King Abdullah II Special Operations Training Center (KASOTC), in Amman Jordan.
The training covered Firearms Identification, Firearms Trafficking Tool and Techniques, Chain of Custody and Evidence Collection as well as the use of INTERPOL Firearms Policing Capabilities, namely, the INTERPOL Firearms Recovery Protocol, iARMS, IBIN and IFRT.
Nineteen participants attended the INTERPOL session. They came from a variety of police forces within Jordan, as well as customs and military.
Operation Trigger VIII
Mauritania took part in Operation Trigger VIII – West and Central Africa, an initiative funded by the European Union and Germany, which took place from 13 to 19 June 2022. A total of 521 national law enforcement officers were deployed in 8 countries Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, DRC, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and LAS member-state Mauritania.
More than 20,000 checks were carried out against INTERPOL’s global databases, resulting in the recovery of 480 firearms and 42 arrests tied to firearms offences. In addition, 14 organized crime networks were identified and dismantled.