Region: Americas
National Central Bureau: Quito
Member since: 19 September 1962
How INTERPOL supports Ecuador to tackle international crime.

Tackling crime in Ecuador

Ecuador is located between North and South America with a coast on the Pacific Ocean. This strategic geography makes Ecuador attractive to organized crime groups wanting to link drug producers with drug consumers using land, air and maritime trafficking routes.

The main crime challenges Ecuador law enforcement faces include drug trafficking, money laundering, and trafficking in firearms, people and counterfeit goods, as well as cybercrime.

With regional organized crime networks invariably operating on a global level, the role of INTERPOL’s National Central Bureau (NCB) in Ecuador is crucial to safeguarding national and regional security.

INTERPOL in Ecuador

The Quito NCB is part of the National Criminal Investigations Department, an operational and strategic unit of the national police, called Policía Civil Nacional del Ecuador (PCNE), or Ecuador National Police in English.

It is an operational unit, meaning NCB police staff can exercise police power across the country on behalf of the national police, including the power of arrest. The Head of NCB answers directly to the Police Chief.

With a staff of ten PCNE officers, the NCB conducts regional and global crime analysis in cooperation with NCBs worldwide, sharing intelligence on emerging land, sea and air trafficking routes, production zones, transportation and concealment methods, particularly as it relates to organized crime which could affect Ecuador.

By providing globally-sourced intelligence about regional crime, the NCB helps police officers across the country to detect and investigate the flow of illicit goods along trafficking routes in and around the country. It plays a central role in preventing the country and surrounding region from serving international organized crime.

Law enforcement in Ecuador

Law enforcement services in Ecuador are provided by the PCNE which is part of the Ministry of Interior.