Fighting organized crime in Afghanistan
Afghanistan is a landlocked country in South-Central Asia with a long expanse of remote borderland shared with its neighbours. Terrorists and criminals take advantage of this for their illegal activities, while its position on trade routes linking Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania make it convenient for global organized crime groups.
Afghan organized crime activity revolves around drug crime linked to opium poppy cultivation, heroin production and trafficking. These networks are also involved in crimes associated with drugs, such as money laundering, people trafficking and kidnapping. Arms trafficking and its links with global terrorism is also a challenge for Afghan law enforcement.
The international characteristics of these crimes and their links with organized crime groups around the world make the role of Afghanistan’s INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB) fundamental to national security.
INTERPOL in Afghanistan
NCB Kabul is part of the Ministry of Interior and has a staff of almost 100 officers. It supports police in the 13 principal land borders by giving them access to information contained in INTERPOL’s wide range of criminal databases.
This globally-sourced intelligence helps local police forces to detect and investigate the flow of illicit goods along trafficking routes in and around the country. NCB Kabul is also an active player in INTERPOL’s global fugitive investigation operations.
Law enforcement in Afghanistan
The Afghan National Police is part of the Ministry of Interior, along with the Criminal Investigation Department, the Police Intelligence Department, the Counter-Narcotics Police of Afghanistan and the Counter Terrorism Department.
The Afghan Border Police is responsible for the protection of Afghanistan’s airports and borders, while the Ministry of Counter Narcotics is responsible for preventing, monitoring, investigating and tackling drug crime. The National Directorate of Security is Afghanistan's national intelligence agency.