INTERPOL has a long history of cooperation with the United Nations, which was formalized in a Cooperation Agreement in 1997 and further strengthened by subsequent specific agreements.
The two organizations collaborate on many projects and initiatives to fight international crime. As there are many areas of common interest, INTERPOL works closely with a number of United Nations departments and agencies.
Special Representative of INTERPOL to the United Nations
In November 2004, INTERPOL opened the Office of the Special Representative of INTERPOL to the United Nations (the Office) in New York.
The Office raises awareness of INTERPOL’s tools and services, identifies areas of common interest and explores cooperation opportunities in line with strategic priorities.
With its presence at the United Nations and regular contact with United Nations agencies and Permanent Missions to the United Nations, the Office works to ensure that the concerns of global law enforcement are adequately represented in international initiatives, declarations, resolutions, reports and policy decisions.
Major areas of cooperation
INTERPOL - United Nations Security Council Special Notices
In 2005, INTERPOL and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) worked together to combine the United Nations sanctions regime with INTERPOL’s well-established notice system. The resulting INTERPOL-UNSC Special Notices (Special Notices) are issued for individuals and entities subject to UNSC sanctions.
INTERPOL’s cooperation began with the 1267 Committee (established in 1999 in relation to Al-Qaida and the Taliban) but now extends to the other Sanctions Committees.
The main purpose of a Special Notice is to alert law enforcement agencies worldwide that a given individual or entity is subject to UNSC sanctions and in doing so to help give effect to those sanctions.
Special Notices contain specific information that assists law enforcement officers to take appropriate action in accordance with their own national laws.
In September 2014, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2178 recognizing INTERPOL’s global role against the threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters.
In support of United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy adopted by all member states in September 2006, INTERPOL works in collaboration with the United Nations counter-terrorism entities and other international organizations. These include the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) and the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC).
INTERPOL also participates in expert missions of the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) to member states to help identify best practices and areas for improvement in the implementation of national counter-terrorism strategies under the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373 (2001).
Through sharing of information and exchanges between counter-terrorism experts, INTERPOL assists CTED to facilitate technical assistance with respect to counter-terrorism to member states.
The INTERPOL Maritime Piracy Task Force works in close cooperation with the United Nations and others to improve evidence collection, facilitate the exchange of information and build regional capacity against piracy activities.
INTERPOL participates in the United Nations Sub Working Group on piracy and regularly contributes to the reports of the Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization on piracy. INTERPOL also participates in plenary sessions of the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) as well as in four of its five Working Groups.
United Nations peacekeeping operations
In October 2009, INTERPOL and the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) organized the first-ever Ministerial Meeting on Police in Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding operations.
The meeting resulted in the signing of a Cooperation Agreement between INTERPOL and DPKO for cooperation in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice.
INTERPOL works with DPKO to strengthen the role of international police peacekeeping and to identify joint projects on capacity building, regional support and sharing of information.
Cooperation with other United Nations entities
INTERPOL also works on joint projects to increase access to INTERPOL’s databases, training and capacity building programmes, and other initiatives with the following United Nations entities:
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
- United Nations Department of Safety and Security
- United Nations Environmental Programme
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
- United Nations 1540 Committee
- United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services
- United Nations Office of Audit and Investigation of the United Nations Development Programme
- United Nations Population Fund
- United Nations Ad Hoc Tribunals