International involvement

The effects of maritime piracy are felt all around the world. INTERPOL is one of many international and regional organizations working together on various projects to combat and break up the pirate networks and shut down their operations.

  • Eurojust and Joint Investigation Team to Combat Maritime Piracy: INTERPOL is working with Eurojust and Europol to develop a global law enforcement and prosecution strategy to combat maritime piracy.
  • Formal cooperation agreements with naval forces:  INTERPOL and naval forces involved in maritime piracy, notably the Netherlands and Denmark, are exploring an information-sharing model that would give the navies access to the INTERPOL fingerprints database. This would allow for searches of fingerprints taken from pirates immediately after capture. INTERPOL has established this type of information-sharing platform with NATO and the EU Naval Force Somalia (EU NAVFOR).
  • Joint Somali and INTERPOL initiative:  As part of an effort to identify Somali pirates captured by navies and prosecuted in foreign jurisdictions, the INTERPOL and Somali anti-piracy task forces are developing a plan to improve diplomatic relations between affected countries. 
  • The Somalia Maritime Security Bill of 2011:  At the request of the Somalia Maritime Piracy Task Force, INTERPOL reviewed and provided comments to improve the legislation.
  • UN-supported projects
    • Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia:  This group facilitates discussion and coordination of action among states and organizations fighting piracy off the coast of Somalia. INTERPOL participates in working groups on operations, legal issues, private industry inclusion and piracy financing.
    • UN Sub-Working Group on Maritime Piracy:  Comprises 16 entities, including the International Maritime Organization, INTERPOL, UN Office of Drugs and Crime and the Monitoring Group on Somalia. The aim of the group is to share information, exchange ideas and ensure collaboration on the issue of counter-piracy.
    • Shared Awareness and Deconfliction (SHADE) initiative: This group brings together INTERPOL, the European Union, NATO, Combined Maritime Forces and several countries to coordinate military efforts against piracy.
    • Kampala Process: The group facilitates political dialogue and collaboration in the fight against piracy among international groups including INTERPOL, the UN and the EU.
    • Djibouti Code of Conduct: An agreement among East African countries on how to coordinate their responses to maritime piracy.

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