November and December 2020
Democratic Republic of the Congo
We delivered four training sessions in the Eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo to best prepare national law enforcement officers for upcoming operations in Central Africa. Affected by conflicts and armed groups, these provinces are where most illicit firearms are seized in the country.
The training helped establish firearm focal points and to set up a workflow between police, the Gendarmerie, customs and judicial services. In this way, data relating to firearms trafficking can be properly collected, and the intelligence exploited to support operations, investigations and prosecutions. Central to this is INTERPOL’s iARMS database (funded by the European Union).
Operation Kafo II
30 November - 6 December 2020
Coordinated jointly by INTERPOL and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), frontline officers targeted smuggling hotspots at airports, seaports, and land borders in Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Niger.
Officers checked more than 12,000 individuals, vehicles, containers and goods against international criminal databases. As well as arresting a number of suspected terrorists, officers seized 50 firearms, more than 40,000 sticks of dynamite and a range of other contraband goods such as fuel.
Operation Kafo I
11 - 17 November 2019
This regional operation in West Africa saw arrests and seizures in Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Mali. Over seven days, 110 officers from police, customs, border and prosecution services intercepted illicit firearms and made connections with associated criminal activity, including terrorism.
From 11 - 17 November 2019, Operation KAFO saw arrests and firearms seizures in Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire and Mali.
Operation KAFO targeted firearms trafficking hotspots such as land border points where cars, buses, trucks and cargo transporters were searched.
The seven-day operation saw law enforcement intercept illicit firearms and make connections with associated criminal activity, including terrorism.
Operation KAFO was jointly coordinated by INTERPOL and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Operation KAFO Involved 110 officers from police, customs, border and prosecution services from all three countries.
Permanent Secretary of Burkina Faso’s National Commission to Combat the Proliferation and Illicit Circulation of Small Arms and Light Weapons, Colonel Major Christophe Raoul Tapsoba : “United, we will succeed in tackling cross-border crime through coordinated and concerted actions such as Operation KAFO, hand in hand with INTERPOL and UNODC.”
Operation Trigger V
22-28 February 2019
Operation Trigger V took place across eight countries in Latin America – Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Panama. 42,000 checks were carried out at known trafficking hotspots including land, air and sea border points.
Some 850 firearms were recovered and 560 individuals were arrested.
A vehicle check in Costa Rica uncovered two AK47 assault rifles, one of which had been recorded in INTERPOL’s iARMS database by a country in the Middle East.
A pistol seized by Costa Rican authorities during Operation Trigger V.
Costa Rica deployed more than 2,000 officers to 200 hotspots.
47 individuals in El Salvador, 18 of whom were linked to organized crime gangs such as the Barrio18 and MS13.
Honduran officials show some of the guns seized during Operation Trigger V.
Mexican authorities on the US-Mexico border found bullets hidden in the back of car seats.
Operation Trigger V led to the seizure of 857 firearms, more than 38,000 bullets, 20 grenades and various police and military uniforms.
In Panama, an anonymous tip led police to a cache of ammunition, firearms and gallons of chemical and explosive materials.
A woman was caught trying to smuggle bullets at the airport in Tijuana.
Mexico published an INTERPOL Purple Notice warning of a smuggling method involving dismantled firearms shipped via express courrier services.
Operation Trigger V - Panama
Operation Trigger V - Guatemala
Colombian authorities with 'Zeus o Mono', supplying weapons to the National Liberation Army (ELN).
Operation Trigger V - Costa Rica
Operation Trigger V - Honduras
Operation Trigger IV – MENA
18-26 September 2018
Operation Trigger IV took place across four countries in the Middle East and North Africa region – Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Morocco. Checks were carried out at known trafficking hotspots including land, air and sea border points.
Some 57 firearms were recovered and 17 individuals arrested for firearms offences. Authorities also seized cash in several currencies totaling EUR 1.3 million along with heroin and synthetic drugs with a street value of EUR 200,000.
Operation Trigger IV took place across Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Morocco.
Operation Trigger III – Africa
20-24 November 2017
This was a joint operation between INTERPOL, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the World Customs Organization and eight African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria). Checks were carried out at known trafficking hotspots including land, air and sea border points.
Official seized 152 firearms and arrested 50 individuals for firearms-related offences. Significant quantities of drugs and counterfeited pharmaceutical products were also recovered during the operation. Subsequent investigations were conducted to establish the provenance of the firearms seized and to identify the people and networks involved in the firearms trafficking chain.
Operation Trigger II
6-8 April 2017, Europe
Some 7,840 officers from 23 countries across Europe seized some 320 illicit firearms – including a rocket launcher and a machine gun – and almost 20,000 pieces of ammunition, along with grenades and explosives.
Operation Balkan Trigger
17-19 April 2016, Southeast Europe
Some 5,000 officers from six countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia) seized nearly 40 illicit firearms, six kg of explosives, 11 hand grenades and other contraband. This operation clearly showed the link between firearms and other forms of organized crime activities
Police at a checkpoint in Skopje, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Operation Trigger II involved more than 7,840 law enforcement officers from 23 countries.
Firearms seized in Brcko, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Police in Skopje, Former Yugoslav Republic of Yugoslavia, intercepting a car and its occupants.
Police at a checkpoint in Bijeljina, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Operation Trigger II saw more than 158,000 people stopped at border crossing points, transit routes and known hotspots during a 48-hour period.
Led by INTERPOL, Operation Trigger II involved more than 7,840 officers working across 23 countries in Europe during a 48-hour period to intercept illicit firearms and identify links to crimes, including terrorism.
Police in the 23 participating countries checked information against INTERPOL's range of global databases during Operation Trigger II.
Border Police in Trebinje, Bosnia and Herzegovina, during Operation Trigger II.
Some 320 firearms – including a rocket launcher and a machine gun – and almost 20,000 pieces of ammunition together with grenades and explosives were recovered during Operation Trigger II.
A checkpoint in Zenica-Doboj, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Almost 40,000 vehicles were checked during Operation Trigger II.
The command centre in Minsk, Belarus, which acted as a coordination hub during Operation Trigger II.
Pre-operational meetings were held in coordination hubs in Minsk (pictured), Prague and Skopje.
A checkpoint in Trebinje, on the border with Montenegro.
Forensic and ballistics analysis on seized firearms, in Skopje, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The INTERPOL Firearms Recovery Protocol seeks to exploit and coordinate intelligence obtained on every recovered firearm through laboratory examinations and interviews with all individuals associated with the firearm.
Police inspect a vehicle at a checkpoint in Zvornik, on the border with Serbia.
Illicit firearms and ammunition were seized during Operation Trigger II.
Through INTERPOL’s Illicit Arms Records & tracing Management System (iARMS), the international law enforcement community can facilitate information exchange and investigative cooperation on the international movement and use of illicit firearms.
Simultaneous operations targeting small arms and light weapons (SALW)
10-11 December 2015, Southern Africa
Simultaneous operations targeting SALW were conducted in eight countries in Southern Africa. During the operation, 211 firearms and 972 rounds of ammunition were recovered.
For more information or questions, please contact the INTERPOL Firearms Programme.