San Marino

  • INTERPOL San Marino
  • Member since :
    19-22 de septiembre de 2006
Back to Europa

San Marino

Gendarmerie in action 1

Surrounded by two Italian regions and situated 10 km from the Adriatic coast, the Republic of San Marino covers an area of 61 km2 and has a resident population of about 31.000 inhabitants. There are no border formalities to enter San Marino, nor are there any international airports or railway-stations in the country.

San Marino Law Enforcement

Three police forces and an INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB) work together in implementing San Marino law enforcement requirements. The three police forces are able to conduct investigations and exercise their institutional tasks autonomously whilst meeting periodically at the national police department to promote cooperation in the fields of public order and national security.


A military police force under the authority of the Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs, the Gendarmeria investigates crime and maintains public order.  It also comprises a drugs unit, a food fraud unit, a minors protection office and is responsible for state prisons.

“Guardia di Rocca – Nucleo Uniformato”(Fortress Guard – Uniformed Unit)

A front-line military unit in the San Marino armed forces, the Guardia di Rocca carries out day to day law enforcement duties. Under the Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs, the Guardia di Rocca focuses on the border zones, overseeing customs regulation and trade exchange. It also performs protection functions at Government buildings.

“Polizia Civile”

This police force is not part of the military but instead falls under the authority of the Secretary of State of Home Affairs. It is in charge of road-traffic, trade, tourism, tax matters and environmental protection. It also acts as the fire brigade and civil protection.

San Marino also has a Financial Intelligence Agency (Agenzia d’Informazione Finanziaria) which investigates money laundering, in co-operation with the Police Corps and INTERPOL.


INTERPOL San Marino is an independent body which answers directly to the Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs. Staffed by officers of all three national police forces, the NCB is the pivotal platform for all national investigations with an international connection. The NCB is located at the Gendarmerie’s Headquarters and is operational around the clock.

Daily NCB duties:

  • co-operation with domestic and international law enforcement agencies, using INTERPOL’s global police communications system I-24/7;
  • liaison with the San Marino Civil Aviation and Maritime Navigation authority with regard to national security;
  • co-operation with the Financial Intelligence Agency in fighting money-laundering;
  • ID checks using INTERPOL databases, for visitors to San Marino;
  • National point of reference for currency counterfeiting.

European Regional Conference 2009
  • 38th European Regional Conference - 2009 - Republic of San Marino