Types of human trafficking

There are many forms of trafficking, but one consistent aspect is the abuse of the inherent vulnerability of the victims.

Trafficking for forced labour

Victims of this widespread form of trafficking come primarily from developing countries. They are recruited and trafficked using deception and coercion and find themselves held in conditions of slavery in a variety of jobs. Men, women and children are engaged in agricultural, fisheries and construction work, along with domestic servitude and other labour-intensive jobs.

Read about our operations targeting forced child labour in Africa.

Trafficking in women for sexual exploitation

This prevalent form of trafficking affects every region in the world, either as a source, transit or destination country. Women and children from developing countries, and from vulnerable parts of society in developed countries, are lured by promises of decent employment into leaving their homes and travelling to what they consider will be a better life. Victims are often provided with false travel documents and an organized network is used to transport them to the destination country, where they find themselves forced into sexual slavery and held in inhumane conditions and constant fear.

Commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism

This crime type has been apparent in Asia for many years and has now taken hold in Africa as well as Central and South America. The phenomenon is promoted by the growth of inexpensive air travel and the relatively low risk of prohibition and prosecution in these destinations for engaging in sexual relations with minors.

Trafficking for tissue, cells and organs

Trafficking in humans for the purpose of using their organs, in particular kidneys, is a rapidly growing field of criminal activity. In many countries, waiting lists for transplants are very long, and criminals have seized this opportunity to exploit the desperation of patients and potential donors. The health of victims, even their lives, is at risk as operations may be carried out in clandestine conditions with no medical follow-up. An ageing population and increased incidence of diabetes in many developed countries is likely to increase the requirement for organ transplants and make this crime even more lucrative.

People smuggling

Closely connected to trafficking in human beings is the issue of people smuggling. This has taken on new proportions in recent months, especially in the Mediterranean region, and it is clear that organized criminal networks are taking advantage of the humanitarian crisis for financial gain.

12 noviembre 2015

La seguridad mundial debe adaptarse a las amenazas actuales, declara el jefe de INTERPOL en una cumbre sobre migración

03 noviembre 2015

La Fiscal General de Estados Unidos destaca ante la Asamblea General de INTERPOL la necesidad de hacer respetar el estado de derecho

20 octubre 2015

Border security across Southeast Asia focus of new EU-ASEAN programme led by INTERPOL

16 octubre 2015

Un foro INTERPOL-Europol esboza medidas contra el tráfico de personas

15 octubre 2015

Se organiza un foro INTERPOL-Europol para combatir las redes de tráfico de migrantes

02 octubre 2015

Identifying fake documents focus of INTERPOL and Frontex workshop

08 julio 2015

Belgian Deputy Prime Minister visit to INTERPOL focuses on terrorism and cybercrime

22 junio 2015

Traficantes detenidos en Côte d’Ivoire en una operación contra la trata de menores y la explotación laboral infantil

19 mayo 2015

Reunión de INTERPOL en Bucarest para marcar el rumbo de la seguridad europea

12 noviembre 2014

El trabajo forzado, tema central de la conferencia de INTERPOL sobre trata de personas

01 septiembre 2014

En su visita a Eritrea, el Jefe de INTERPOL aborda las necesidades de la región en materia de seguridad

13 agosto 2014

Curso de INTERPOL en Indonesia para ayudar a la policía a investigar el tráfico de migrantes

30 julio 2014

INTERPOL se une al llamamiento a la esperanza del Primer Día Mundial contra la Trata de Personas

12 junio 2014

INTERPOL speaks and acts to support World Day Against Child Labour

10 abril 2014

El Papa declara en una conferencia que la trata de personas es una herida abierta en la sociedad

09 abril 2014

El jefe de INTERPOL declara en una conferencia sobre trata de personas: “Somos aliados en la lucha mundial para proteger la vida y la dignidad humanas”

04 abril 2014

Una operación en Côte d’Ivoire apoyada por INTERPOL da lugar al rescate de niños víctimas de trata y explotación

05 marzo 2014

INTERPOL and International Organization for Migration agreement to enhance border security

14 noviembre 2013

La elaboración de una respuesta mundial contra la trata de personas, tema central de una conferencia de INTERPOL

22 octubre 2013

Las autoridades griegas piden ayuda a INTERPOL para identificar a una niña desconocida cotejando su ADN

13 agosto 2013

INTERPOL joins Frontex operation in Romania against Black Sea crime

19 diciembre 2012

INTERPOL imparte formación en Sudán para impulsar la lucha en la región contra la trata de personas y el tráfico de migrantes

22 noviembre 2012

Cerca de 400 víctimas de trata de menores, rescatadas en distintos lugares de Burkina Faso en una operación dirigida por INTERPOL