Fighting terrorism and transnational crime through effective border management.
Stolen and Lost Travel Documents database
INTERPOL’s Stolen and Lost Travel Documents (SLTD) database enables INTERPOL National Central Bureaus (NCBs) and other authorized law enforcement entities (such as immigration and border control officers) to ascertain the validity of a travel document in seconds.
The SLTD database was created in 2002, following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the USA, in order to help member countries secure their borders and protect their citizens from terrorists and other dangerous criminals using fraudulent travel documents.
How it works
Details of stolen and lost passports are submitted directly to the STLD database by INTERPOL NCBs and law enforcement agencies via INTERPOL’s I-24/7 secure global police communication system. Only the country which issued a document can add it to the database.
Law enforcement officials at INTERPOL NCBs and other locations with access to INTERPOL’s databases through the I-24/7 system – such as airports and border crossings – can query the passports of individuals travelling internationally against the SLTD, and immediately determine if the document has been reported as lost or stolen so they can take the necessary actions.
INTERPOL is not automatically notified of all passport thefts occurring worldwide, and the SLTD database is not connected to national lists of stolen or lost passports. As such, information on national statistics must be requested directly from the country in question.
Starting with a few thousand records from just 10 countries, the SLTD database has grown exponentially. At the end of 2014, it contained information on more than 45 million travel documents (passports, identity documents, visas) reported lost or stolen by 169 countries.
The database was searched by member countries more than one thousand million times in 2014, resulting in nearly 72,000 positive responses, or ‘hits’.
Extending access to SLTD
Despite the potential availability of the STLD database, not all countries systematically search the database to determine whether an individual is using a fraudulent passport.
In order to increase the use of the SLTD database worldwide, INTERPOL encourages each member country to extend access to the I-24/7 network – and through it access to its criminal databases including the STLD – to major airports, border crossings and other strategic locations. This requires the installation of technical equipment or specialized software.
To help identify and stop criminals from using lost or stolen travel documents long before they get to the airport or the border, INTERPOL has developed I-Checkit. This initiative, currently in pilot phase, will allow private sector partners in the travel, hotel and banking industries to screen customers’ documents against the SLTD database when they book a plane ticket, check in to a hotel or open a bank account.
A positive ‘hit’ will be relayed to law enforcement, to take any necessary actions.