Vatican City State
- INTERPOL Vatican
Member since :
7 October 2008
Vatican City State
Vatican City State Gendarmerie
Many law enforcement services in the Vatican are provided by the Vatican City State Gendarmerie (Corpo della Gendarmeria dello Stato della Città del Vaticano). Headed by an Inspector General, the force of 130 Italian officers sits structurally in the Security Services and Civil Defence Directorate.
- Accident prevention;
- Crime investigation;
- Financial and commercial regulations enforcement;
- Public order;
- State security;
- Traffic control;
- Judicial services;
- Protection of the Pope.
- Rapid Response Group - two operational units under the direct supervision of the Gendarmerie Commander:
- Gruppo Intervento Rapido(GIR) - special weapons and tactics team;
- Hazardous Devices Operation Unit.
Their mandate is to:
- Counter threats to national security;
- Gather and analyse crime intelligence;
- Gather counter terrorism intelligence with a view to preventive action;
- Provide technical and logistical support for investigations;
- Manage high-risk situations and to ensure safety.
Operations and Control Room:
Created in 2000 and operational 24 hours a day, an operations and control centre coordinates law enforcement action required in emergency and crisis situations. It is equipped with state-of-the-art alarm and video surveillance systems.
Gendarmerie Music Band:
Founded in 2007, the Band is made up of 100 volunteer conservatory graduates who come from Italian military bands across the country.
Pontifical Swiss Guard
The Pontifical Swiss Guard also provides security services. Part of Rome’s Catholic Church, the Swiss Guard is a separate body, independent of the Gendarmerie. The Swiss Guard safeguards the city entrances and is in charge of the personal safety of the Pope, dignitaries and papal buildings.
INTERPOL Vatican State City
The INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB) for the Vatican State City is part of the Gendarmerie. Staffed with five officers, the NCB’s mandate is to :
- Collect and share information on crime which could adversely affect domestic and international security;
- Identify methods for tackling and disbanding organized crime groups;
- Exchange security information with INTERPOL colleagues worldwide for the benefit of international police investigations.