Trafficking in illicit goods and counterfeiting
About the programme
At INTERPOL, we are working to identify, disrupt and dismantle transnational organized networks behind the trafficking in illicit goods.
Trafficking in illicit goods, is a generic term used by INTERPOL to describe all types of illicit trade. It includes such practices as counterfeiting (trademark infringements), piracy (copyright infringements), smuggling of legitimate products and tax evasion. Selling fake or counterfeit products as the real thing is one aspect of this crime; so is selling genuine goods on the black market to avoid paying taxes. By avoiding regulatory controls the criminals behind these activities typically peddle often dangerous goods with a complete disregard for the health and safety of consumers. The phenomenon has grown to an unprecedented level, posing tremendous risks to society and the global economy.
All levels of society are impacted by trafficking in illicit goods. For example, counterfeiting harms businesses which produce and sell legitimate products, governments lose tax revenue from products manufactured or sold on the black market, and consumers are at risk from substandard products.
The role of organized crime
A clear link has been established between the trafficking of illicit goods and transnational organized crime. Criminal organizations are attracted by the lucrative profits involved in trading counterfeit or fake goods, or in trading legitimate goods through illicit channels. The criminals involved manufacture and trade illicit goods on a regional and increasingly global scale.
Organized crime networks exploit new technology, differences among national regulatory regimes and links between the global economic, finance and transportation systems for their own gain. They use the profits to fund other criminal activities such as drug trafficking, people smuggling and robbery.
Our activities revolve around five central pillars:
- Operations: we support regional and global operations to break up the networks behind trafficking in illicit goods and to remove dangerous and sub-standard goods from circulation.
- Capacity Building and Training: we deliver clear, consistent and specialized training programmes under the umbrella of the International IP Crime Investigators College (IIPCIC). These enable investigators to effectively combat current and emerging threats posed by all types of trafficking in illicit goods.
- Raising awareness: Our global awareness campaign uses online and offline communications channels to raise global awareness and understanding about the links between trafficking in illicit goods and the funding of transnational organized criminal networks.
- Legal assistance: we provide technical legal assistance (legislative drafting and training) to countries at the request of their respective governments.
- I-Checkit: the INTERPOL-Checkit programme combines key information from private industry and law enforcement to allow targeted users to verify whether a product has been traded illicitly.
A dedicated database facilitates the sharing of intelligence on trafficking in illicit goods via our secure police communications system. This, and other specialized INTERPOL databases help us to analyse trends and better target our on-the-ground interventions in partnership with police, customs, regulatory bodies and the private sector.
Additionally, we provide a central reference point on trafficking in illicit goods for all INTERPOL member countries and public and private stakeholders. We work to build partnerships with a wide range of representatives across sectors in order to facilitate a multidisciplinary response to this complex issue. We currently partner with more than 40 different industry sectors and a number of cross-industry associations and representative bodies.
As part of this, we organize and participate in a number of international and cross-sector events and conferences. We are interested in cooperating with law enforcement authorities, the public and private sectors in the fight against trafficking in illicit goods. If you represent one of these entities and would like to have further information please contact us.
Chinese Ministry of Public Security visit to INTERPOL underlines key role of international law enforcement cooperation
First INTERPOL training in China major step forward in global effort to combat trafficking in illicit goods
Morocco hosts first INTERPOL trafficking in illicit goods seminar for Middle East and North Africa region
Globalization of Law Enforcement: A Study of Transnational Public-Private Partnerships Against Intellectual Property Crimes
Dr Christopher Paun, University of Bremen
INTERPOL's Trafficking in Illicit Goods Programme
INTERPOL Operation Black Poseidon - Results
INTERPOL marks World Intellectual Property Day with Operation Maya results
Operation Jupiter V