The exchange of information between INTERPOL's 190 member countries is the cornerstone of INTERPOL's activities in the fight against international crime.
The member countries exchange information via INTERPOL channels on a voluntary basis. It is therefore essential to maintain trust between the member countries in order to foster permanent, effective and the broadest-possible participation in the Organization's main mission, namely the development of international police co-operation. Consequently, the exchange of information via INTERPOL channels must offer legal guarantees in order to ensure quality.
The Organization's Constitution
The basis for the legal guarantees offered by INTERPOL is found in the Organization's Constitution, which provides that the Organization's action is taken within the limits of the laws existing in different countries and in the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 2 of INTERPOL's Constitution)
INTERPOL's Rules on the Processing of Data
In 2011, INTERPOL completed a major revision of the legal framework governing the functioning of its police information system. Through Resolution AG-2011-RES-07 , INTERPOL's General Assembly adopted INTERPOL's Rules on the Processing of Data.
This Resolution – adopted unanimously by INTERPOL's member countries – constitutes a milestone for the Organization: it will make its regulatory mechanism more comprehensive and more structured, while ensuring that the Organization continues to stand at the forefront of data-protection standards. INTERPOL's Rules on the Processing of Data entered into force on 1 July 2012 .
Commission for the Control of INTERPOL´s Files
The processing of information through INTERPOL channels is subject to supervision by the Commission for the Control of INTERPOL'S Files (CCF), which is an independent body of the Organization (Article 36 of the Constitution).
The functioning of the CCF is governed by the Rules relating to the Control of Information and Access to INTERPOL's Files (RCI)
The CCF is also competent to receive requests from people wishing to exercise their right of access to information about them recorded in INTERPOL's databases. Such right of access includes the right to have information corrected or deleted, as the case may be (Article 9 of the RCI).
In this section
- An organization under international law
- The Constitution
- Fundamental texts
- Compliance with the rules
- Neutrality (Article 3 of the Constitution)
- Constitution and General Regulations;
- Rules concerning the organization of General Assembly sessions;
- Rules of procedure of the ICPO-INTERPOL General Assembly;
- Rules of Procedure of the Executive Committee;
- Financial regulations;
- Rules on the Control of Information and access to INTERPOL's Files (RCI).
**New** (Entering into force on 01/07/2012)